By Xie Rongbin, Wang Jinyu, Chen Wei, Zhu Zhiyu
China’s automobile production and sales in 2023 reached 30.161 million and 30.094 million units
respectively, surpassing the 30 million mark for the first time, according to data released by the
China Association of Automobile Manufacturers (CAAM) on Jan. 11, 2024.
This achievement solidifies China’s position as the world’s top automobile producer and consumer
for 15 consecutive years.
Furthermore, China maintained its global leadership in the production and sales of new energy
vehicles (NEVs) for the ninth consecutive year, with over 9 million units produced and sold in
In the same year, China’s automobile exports approached 5 million units, representing a significant
increase compared to the previous year.
“This new record is the result of the collective efforts of the entire auto industry,” said Fu
Bingfeng, executive vice president and secretary general of the CAAM.
China’s ability to produce and sell over 30 million vehicles highlights its substantial market
advantage and consumption potential.
In recent years, China has been steadfast in developing NEVs, constantly making breakthroughs in
core technologies and expanding the market size. It took the country 27 years to produce the first
10 million NEVs, and only 17 months to reach the milestone of 20 million, showcasing an
impressive “China speed.”
In 2023, China produced and sold 9.587 million and 9.495 million units of NEVs, respectively,
representing a year-on-year growth rate of 35.8 percent and 37.9 percent. China accounted for
over 60 percent of global NEV sales.
As of the end of 2023, NEVs in use rose to 20.41 million in China, according to data released by
the China’s Ministry of Public Security on Jan. 11, 2024.
While embracing industrialization and marketization, China’s NEV industry is now embarking on
a new phase of extensive and high-quality growth, propelling the global auto industry into a new
era of electrification and intelligence.
According to data from the CAAM, China’s automobile exports reached 4.91 million units in
2023, marking a year-on-year growth of 57.9 percent. This impressive growth can be attributed to
Chinese car companies’ emphasis on international expansion and their competitive edge in the new
energy vehicle sector.
New energy vehicles, which have become a prominent symbol of China’s manufacturing prowess,
have played a crucial role in propelling the steady expansion of the Chinese auto industry on the
global stage.
Zhang Jinhua, secretary-general of the China Society of Automotive Engineers, noted that Chinese
new energy vehicle technology and products have become a crucial force supporting the
transformation of the global auto industry. The establishment of China’s NEV ecosystem will play
a vital role in strengthening the synergy between domestic and international markets and

Currently, Chinese car manufacturers are actively investing in overseas production facilities as
part of their long-term global expansion plans.
Liu Luochuan, director of the Strategic Development Research Center at Dongfeng Motor Corp.,
foresees deepening localization of Chinese automobiles in foreign markets, accompanied by a rise
in the number of overseas production bases.
By 2030, an estimated 50 percent of China’s overseas automobile sales will come from trade
exports, while the other half will be generated by sales from overseas factories. Additionally, there
will be a growing proportion of new energy vehicle exports contributing to this trend.
“China’s auto supply chain not only contributes to the global auto industry through trade but also
plays a role in shaping the layout of the global supply chain through investment,” said Zhang
Yongwei, vice president of China EV100, an electric vehicle industry think tank.
Taking power batteries as an example, as of now, Chinese auto manufacturers have surpassed a
cumulative planned capacity of 500 gigawatt-hours (GWh) overseas.
China’s auto industry has gained a global competitive edge, thanks to its robust domestic market
and well-established industrial and supply chain. New brands in the intelligent NEV sector have
emerged, including NIO, Li Auto, AITO, and Xpeng, leaving their mark on the global auto
China’s auto market has significant growth potential, fueled by factors like vehicle ownership per
1,000 people and the demand for car upgrading and trade-ins. The CAAM predicts that car sales in
China will surpass 31 million units by 2024.
Miao Wei, vice-chairman of the Committee on Economic Affairs of the National Committee of the
Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), believes that China’s target of
having new energy vehicles account for over 50 percent of total sales by 2035 could be achieved
as early as 2025, or at the latest by 2026.


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